The Pechoro-Ilychsky state nature biosphere reserve
The pechoro-Ilychsky reserve is located in the southeast of Republic Komi between 62 ° and 63 ° a northern latitude, in subbands of average and northern taiga. Its territory covers a part of the western macroslope of Northern Ural Mountains and adjoining Pechora lowland in limits mezhdurechja, formed by riverheads of Pechora and its large right-bank inflow - Ilychem. The Total area of reserved territory - 721,3 thousand in hectare, including on the Jakshinsky site is necessary 15,8 thousand in hectare, on Ural - 705,5 thousand in hectare. Along reserve borders the security zones which total area makes about 500 thousand in hectare are established.
Pechoro-Ilychsky the state natural reserve is founded by Council Narodny Decision kommisarov RSFSR from May, 4th, 1930. Its functioning as nature protection and research organization has begun in 1934 Reserve concerns objects of national property. Its earths, water, bowels, air space, a plant and animal life are completely withdrawn from economic using.
In 1985 "the Person and biosphere" to reserve is appropriated by the decision of the intergovernmental commission of UNESCO the status of the biospheric. In 1995 reserve Pechoro-Ilychsky with security and buffer zones and the national park "Jugyd-Va", united under the general name "Virgin forests of Komi", became the first natural object of Russia entered by UNESCO in the list World natural and the cultural heritage. This object, the area of 3,3 million in hectare, represents today largest of the files which have remained in Europe of virgin forests. All objects of culture and the nature, entered in the list the World heritage including reserve Pechoro-Ilychsky, represent invaluable property of all mankind. Reserve activity is financed from the federal budget, and also supported by the republican budget and ecological fund of Republic Komi, welfare funds and the organizations.